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NEQ Quebec (Enterprise Number: All You Need To Know)

What is NEQ Quebec?

Who needs a Numéro d’entreprise du Québec (NEQ)?

What are the essential elements you should know!

Keep reading as we have gathered exactly the information that you need!

Let’s dig into our business and legal entity knowledge in Quebec!

Are you ready?

Let’s get started!

What Is NEQ Quebec 

NEQ is an acronym for the French term “Numéro d’entreprise du Québec” that you can translate as Quebec Enterprise Number.

The NEQ is a ten-digit numerical identifier assigned to every company or business registered in Quebec with the Quebec company registry (Registraire des entreprises du Québec or REQ).

Every company in Quebec is assigned a unique numerical identifier in the same fashion as individuals in Canada are assigned a social insurance number.

The objective is to facilitate and simplify communications between the government, government agencies, and public bodies with the legal entity in Question and among one another relating to the business entity.

The NEQ helps streamline transactions between companies and the Quebec government (or government agencies), such as:

  • Commission de la construction du Québec
  • Commission des normes, de l’équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail 
  • Commission des transports du Québec
  • Commission des relations du travail
  • Emploi-Québec
  • Ministère de l’Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l’Alimentation
  • Office de la protection du consommateur
  • Office québécois de la langue française
  • Régie du bâtiment du Québec
  • Revenu Québec
  • Société de l’assurance automobile du Québec
  • Services Québec

Who Needs A NEQ In Quebec 

Every company, legal entity, or business doing business in Quebec and registered with the Quebec company registry will get a business number in Quebec.

Corporations, partnerships, non-profit companies, trusts, or any other company registered in Quebec will need a “NEQ” to comply with company registration laws in Quebec.

Once a company is given a “business number”, the Quebec company registry will then publish the company’s name and assigned company number for the public to access.

Here are the different types of businesses that will need a business number in Quebec:

  • Sole proprietorships doing business under a name different than their personal name
  • Individuals running a tobacco retail outlet or tanning salon
  • Legal entities not constituted in Quebec if they have a domicile in Quebec, do business in Quebec, or possess an immovable real right in Quebec
  • Legal entities formed under a law other than that of Quebec if they have a domicile in Quebec, do business in Quebec, or possess an immovable real right in Quebec
  • Legal entities constituted for private interests that are not formed in Quebec and resulting from amalgamations
  • General and limited partnerships formed in Quebec
  • Partnerships constituted outside of Quebec
  • Syndicates of co-ownership
  • Trusts operating a commercial enterprise in Quebec

How To Get An Quebec Enterprise Number 

To get an enterprise number in Quebec, a legal entity or business will need to file the necessary paperwork with the Registraire des entreprises, the company registry in the province of Quebec.

Once a company is validly registered for the first time, the REQ will issue its Quebec NEQ.

You can get more information about the procedure to get a Quebec company number by going to www.registreentreprise.gouv.qc.ca

NEQ Search

You can perform a Quebec enterprise search by going to the Quebec Business Registry and looking up in the publicly accessible company database.

When you find the company you are looking for, you will then be able to find its unique reference number also called the Enterprise Number in Quebec.

Here are the steps to find a company’s unique business number:

  • Step 1: Go to the Registraire des entreprises website
  • Step 2: Click on “Find An Enterprise”
  • Step 3: Enter the company name or related words found in the company name
  • Step 4: Accept the terms of use
  • Step 5: Click “Rechercher” or search

On the search results page, you will see the name of the companies matching or closely matching your query along with their assigned company number.

If you wish to obtain more information on the company, you can click on the NEQ that is presented as a hyperlink.

Quebec Enterprise Number (NEQ) Takeaways 

So what is the meaning of NEQ Quebec?

Why do companies in Quebec have a unique enterprise number assigned to them?

Let’s look at a summary of our findings.

NEQ Meaning

  • In Quebec, most companies doing business in the province must register themselves with the Registraire des entreprises (REQ)
  • Once a company is registered, the REQ will provide every company with a unique number that will help identify the company (similar to how a Social Insurance Number identifies individuals)
  • Corporations, partnerships, Canadian legal entities, foreign entities or other businesses doing business in Quebec, having a domicile in Quebec, or owning real estate interests in Quebec will need to get a NEQ
  • The objective is to simplify every company’s dealings with the Quebec government, departments, and agencies
Business lawyer 
Business plan
Business start-up
Enterprise register 
Federal corporation
Incorporation lawyer 
Incorporation Quebec
Joint venture
Provincial corporation 
Quebec business registry 
Quebec corporation
Registering a business in Quebec
REQ Quebec
Starting a business in Quebec
Canada Revenue Agency
Commission de la construction du Québec
Commission des relations du travail
Commission des transports du Québec
Office de la protection du consommateur 
Office québécoise de la langue française 
Régie du bâtiment du Québec
Registraire des entreprises 
Revenu Québec
Service Québec


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